Shuri Ryusen. The store increases awareness and sensitivity towards art of Okinawa,
traditional crafts and Bingata.

tel:098-886-1131 9:00~18:00 7 days a week

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History of a Bingata visual

History of a Bingata

The origin of Bingata

Ryukyu Bingata ( Ryukyu Bingata ) is present in about 15 century , to incorporate various techniques in trade with Southeast Asia , It is a traditional craft that symbolizes the Ryukyu kingdom began to develop. Some of the “ Li morning Annals ” “ Osamu White ” ( 1456 ) , “ Painted ” is ( 1479 ) the description seems to be Bingata that appear in old books . It is said, “ man of the Ryukyu wear ( clothes of beautiful pattern of color ) spots hanran clothing ” and the Ryukyu envoys were dispatched to Korea 7 years heaven in order ( 1463 ) , “Using Ryukyu record” in ( 1534 ) , and is described as “ saturation clothes , saturation stage .” Character representing the ( that you produce your Bingata or ) Bingata “Type Supplementary ” is to appear for the first time in twelve years ( 12 Sutei = 1756 Chongzhen ) of “ The Ujiie music ” is , To some person who dye the fabric using a 5 color who dye the pattern in the “ white silk also . ‘re , In business and gift and . Wearing himself everyone It is to be ” used cloth remains of the background color that does not stain generally.

The name of a Bingata

Iha Fuyu is the founder of Okinawan Studies ( 1876-1947 ) is From Bengal is the origin of the dye “ occurrence = Full Ryukyu Bingata synopsis of the Ryukyu exposed ” in ( 1928 ) The to be like a ( Bingara ) rouge, Higashionna Hiroshi Atsushi “ fabric flower water supply ( calico ) ” of “ successive treasure proposal ” is You are etymology of Bingata and derived from Bengal from the fact that it was brought over from Bengal in India . In the Battle of Okinawa by scorched earth , Eiki Shiroma that was instrumental in the reconstruction of Bingata in China Fujian “ My father ( Eimatsu ) It is like was talking the place name is ” whether it is etymology there was a place name of“ bottle “ , The original , called ” ( Katachiki ) Supplementary type “ that type of dyeing , that you plug in the color between the craftsmen I was told when I put the ( bottle) red . In addition , Kamakura Yoshitaro type of picture dyed writer ( 1898-1983 ) made a survey in Okinawa Bingata the author ”full Ryukyu Bingata “ and ” treasure heritage of Okinawan culture“ And “ as a way of pointing red , the pattern is referred to as that of color ” around the time of Taisho end of year , because it was calling Konya in Shuri ( Someya ) and “ Bingata ” And considered to be etymology , called Bingata is used in the sense that type red , the pattern is referred to as the color now.

The use of a Bingata

When you roll out the red carpet formal dress, daily wear royal family, the book sealed envoy of Chinese emperor, dance costume “your crown ship dance (dance interest c)” and the boys wore, Best clothes of the common people were allowed only in special cases, in addition to God costume, and as a valuable contribution goods to China for the acquisition of foreign currency in the Ryukyu less resources Were made.
(7 years, “Using Ryukyu mentioned” in Jiaqing (1802) are noted in the name of “Oriental flower cloth”).


Craftsman to make Bingata is called Konya, I considered Shuri, and had many Naha. Painter Eze magistrate of Office king poised residence Shuri among the It is a three house which is said to be under (4-5 years in China, and the training of the picture) of, was created a Bingata and three Soke Bingata. Bingata that it is possible to wear the commons made of (17th century commercial capital Naha Urasoe type, Naha type in addition to the Bingata made of Shuri. Pattern, color was limited difference also called night type, and Shuri type. I some Bingata as trade goods also is) including.



The paper minus the persimmon juice, paper carve pattern with underlay to the Rukujuu the dried bean curd, but leave the carving part of the pattern, And white type that resist printing with glue around, there is a type dyed ground (that can be dyed in the ground Kataoki one) to resist printing with glue Shi carved line only the outline of the dye pattern. In addition, the afterlife used holidays type wear is allowed to celebrate the sixtieth birthday or more people also have a word by the application, the burial clothes of the common people (Guso) type, Palace type, Tonouchi type in the name by class Ofuna type to pray the safety of navigation, unexpected journey type, ear type, type Tanna, Birui type, and your crown hull form, There is Wakashu type.

About material, color, and pattern

Cotton , karamushi , Basho , silk , tung plate and ( Tonbyan ) is seems to have dyed from identification , some applications fabric. White background , yellow background , light blue ground , flower color ground , green ground , ground grape , indigo ground ( depth ) , indigo blue ground , ground color stage Somechi ( Somewake place) is that there was about 20 colors And the like . Pepper and serve large family of boy - warrior class of the ceremony of attaining manhood before or female , such as samurai , royal lady , to Wang Fu is worn mainly , Yellow been worn depending on the age and season everyday wear , and flower color , white formal dress royal lady , the light blue shallow land.
The graph coloring using a pigment mainly the color of the pattern , or repeated from the top of the dye pigment , while overlay some pigment dyes To give a three-dimensional sense of pattern is subjected to a corner to take pattern of vermilion other than then . Even that plum of winter , autumn leaves of maple autumn , spring, summer, fall and winter pattern of such Yukiwa exists at the same time Sakura representing the spring regardless of the seasonal Bingata A big feature , it would be to reminds me about paradise in Shuri dark green wooded and dense.
Pattern China , Japan is not only allowed to prince , queen dragon in most , such as Phoenix , even the largest design pattern as those of high social status The old man wore a small pattern . Other yellow from Garcinia spicata Hook , such as Ryukyu indigo that was caught at home , the material in China the color charge of most pigments, dyes ordered from China mainly used Since it relies , close crown hair with China and Ryukyu at the time suggests.
In the strong sunlight of Okinawa , was using a pigment used in painting as well as plant dye costume Bingata is , as something that should be watching , It is considered that it became a form that represents a generous natural beauty of its own . Further , the variety of fabrics was present in Okinawa is also considered a factor conveyed without Bingata lose activeness far.
( Quoted from “ basic knowledge of dyeing and weaving of Ryukyu ” Okinawa Prefectural Library ).

About material, color, and pattern

Production process of Bingata

Draw tube, we will introduce a production method of stencil dyeing. Also I will explain in more detail in the case of your visit.

Production process of Bingata

We have implemented the “Bingata dyeing experience”
in Shuri Ryusen.

Please see the experience corner by clicking on the button below for more information.

To Bingata dyed experience Corner page


Experience dyed coral / Experience dyed Bingata  *need a resevation


Tel:098-886-1131 9:00~18:00 7 days a week
1-54, Shuriyamagawacho, Naha, Okinawa, 903-0825
  • *Priority to customers with reservation for Experience dyed,
  • *There may be space for customers arriving on the day,
     but we need time to prepare.

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